This was a retrospective, noncomparative, observational study of patients diagnosed with ARN syndrome. Nine patients (11 eyes) in Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Kaohsiung from January 1990 to December of 2002 were enrolled. Blood sera and vitreous specimens were analyzed. Necrosis locations and surgical results are described.
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We conclude that during the initial neutropenic period the dominant infections are by Gram (+) organisms, often associated with indwelling catheters. Once the BM has recovered, the main morbidity is by viral infections, but Gram+ organisms still remain common bacterial pathogens.
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While most children with primary gingivostomatitis will be asymptomatic, some will experience considerable pain and discomfort and are at risk of dehydration. There are no large, well designed studies to clearly determine appropriate therapy for all children. Based on a single randomized study, treatment should be started only within the first 72 hours of symptom onset if substantial pain or dehydration are documented.
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A retrospective review approved by the Institutional Review Board was conducted on adult patients with leukemia who received at least one dose of vancomycin during hospital admission between 1 January 2009 and 30 April 2009.
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We report an immunocompetent woman with multisystem organ failure following herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) hepatitis. After she initially responded to intravenous acyclovir, she was switched to oral valacyclovir. She developed respiratory failure and opportunistic infections and died. Autopsy confirmed disseminated HSV infection, and lung tissue grew acyclovir-resistant HSV-2.
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On the basis of indirect comparisons of meta-analyses of prevention strategies, universal prophylaxis and preemption are equally effective in reducing the incidence of CMV disease.
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Fluconazole administered postoperatively between days 3 and 8 significantly promotes reepithelialization in patients undergoing full-face CO(2) laser skin resurfacing.
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The diagnosis of acute retinal necrosis is reliably confirmed using PCR analysis of intraocular fluids. Currently available treatments are effective in stopping progression of the necrosis. There is, however, a high risk of retinal detachment, which can be successfully treated with vitreoretinal surgery.
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Forty-three eyes belonging to 42 patients with HSK, including 22 eyes in the active phase and 21 eyes in the quiescent phase, underwent DALK at the Shandong Eye Institute from January 2006 to December 2009. All patients with active disease had received intravenous acyclovir and amniotic membrane implants prior to DALK. Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) antigens from excised corneal buttons were detected by immunohistochemistry.
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Hyphema and orbital apex syndrome occurring concurrently in a patient with herpes zoster ophthalmicus have not been reported previously. We present a case with these unique findings and discuss the pathogenesis of these conditions and their management.
To study the antiviral effect of combination therapy with the nucleoside analog lamivudine and famciclovir on duck hepatitis virus (DHBV) in vivo.
Universal prophylaxis of CMV infection-following liver transplantation with aciclovir is more cost-effective than with ganciclovir.
A cohort of 22 human immunodeficiency virus-negative patients with acute retinal necrosis (ARN). There were 17 unilateral and 5 bilateral cases.
To describe an atypical case of cytomegalovirus (CMV) endotheliitis in a 74-year-old man who presented with chronic corneal edema without keratic precipitates (KPs) and intraocular pressure (IOP) elevation.
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Most varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infections after cord blood transplantation (CBT) present as localized herpes zoster. Here, we report a case of VZV reinfection in an adult patient after CBT that appeared clinically to be varicella. A 50-year-old Japanese man underwent CBT for the management of acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Seventeen months later, he developed a small number of vesicles with umbilicated centers. A skin biopsy showed an intraepidermal blister containing degenerated balloon cells. Subsequently, the skin eruption developed over his entire body. The patient was treated with intravenous acyclovir for 5 days, followed by oral valacyclovir for 9 days. It took more than 3 weeks for most of the skin lesions to scab. Serum levels of anti-VZV IgG on days 3 and 33 after the onset of the skin eruption were negative and 260 mIU/ml, respectively. Serum anti-VZV IgM on days 3 and 33 was not detected. Our patient was diagnosed with VZV reinfection.
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All studies meeting the inclusion criteria underwent data extraction and an assessment of risk of bias, independently by two review authors and using a pre-standardised data extraction form. We used standard methodological procedures expected by The Cochrane Collaboration.
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Fifty-eight patients who received de novo renal transplants from August 1, 2001-November 21, 2002.
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The efficacy of bloodletting pricking, cupping and surrounding acupuncture on acute herpes zoster is positive, and it can significantly lower the number of lymphocytes in the local blood and increase the number of neutrophil, which is likely to be one of the anti-virus mechanisms.
Thirteen-year-old female patient with a 1-year history of progressive hearing loss.
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Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common viral infection in the early period after heart transplantation (HTX) and causes a significant morbidity and mortality. Although controversial, CMV is related to acute and chronic allograft rejection and to the development of graft vascular disease. It therefore plays an important role in the long-time outcome after solid organ transplantation.
Randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study to demonstrate equivalence for the primary efficacy parameter.
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Recombinant adenoviruses, carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (HSVtk) genes, were developed to evaluate the possibility of tissue-specific gene therapy for thyroid carcinomas. The HSVtk gene was driven by a minimal thyroglobulin (TG) promoter (AdTGtk) and a tandemly repeated minimal TG promoter (Ad2 x TGtk) to obtain thyroid-specific cell killing ability. The transduction of HSVtk genes by infection with Ad2 x TGtk followed by ganciclovir (GCV) treatment showed more powerful cytotoxicity for TG-producing FRTL5 cells, a rat normal thyroid cell line, and FTC-133 cells, a human follicular thyroid carcinoma cell line, than when infected with AdTGtk in vitro. The cell killing ability of Ad2 x TGtk was 10- to 30-fold higher than that of AdTGtk and similar to that of AdCMVtk, which carries HSVtk under the control of CMV promoter. Whereas after treatment with adenovirus/GCV to non-TG-producing cell lines (undifferentiated thyroid carcinoma cell lines and carcinoma cell lines from other tissues), Ad2 x TGtk and AdTGtk needed more than 100-fold concentrated GCV to reach IC(50) compared to AdCMVtk. We confirmed the enhanced efficacy of Ad2 x TGtk for tissue-specific cytotoxicity in vivo. After adenovirus/GCV treatment for FTC-133 tumor-bearing nude mice, Ad2 x TGtk enhanced tumor growth inhibition and survival rates compared to AdTGtk. Tumor growth inhibition and survival rates by Ad2 x TGtk were similar to that by AdCMVtk. Moreover, any toxic effect for rat normal tissues was not revealed after intravenous injections with Ad2 x TGtk and intraperitoneal administrations with GCV in vivo, whereas severe liver damages were observed after treatment with AdCMVtk/GCV. These data indicate a beneficial effect of Ad2 x TGtk for tissue-specific gene therapy for TG-producing thyroid carcinomas without toxicity for normal tissues.
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The luciferase expression driven by EIIAPA was higher than that driven by AFP promoter in HCC cell lines. EIIAPA-tk induced cytotoxicity was observed only in HepG2 cells. Accumulation of ¹³¹I-FIAU and bioluminescent signal were detected on HepG2 tumors but not in parental tumors. The HepG2 tumors derived from lentiviral-transduced EIIAPA-tk expressing cells accumulated ¹²⁴I-FIAU whereas the ARO tumors did not. The transfected HepG2 tumors expressed adequate EIIAPA-controlled HSV1-TK and the tumor regressed after ganciclovir treatment.