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Propecia (Finasteride)

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Generic Propecia is a 5-alpha reductase inhibitor which helps block the body's production of a male hormone causes the prostate to increase. Generic Propecia treats prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).

Other names for this medication:

Similar Products:
Proscar, Finpecia, Finast, Finax, Fincar


Also known as:  Finasteride.


Generic Propecia is a medicine which belongs to the group of medicines called 5-alpha reductase inhibitors. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors help you to block the body's production of a male hormone causes the prostate to increase. You can use Generic Propecia with other medicines to treat prostatic hypertrophy (BPH).

Women can't take Generic Propecia. It is only for men.

Propecia is also known as Finasteride, Appecia, Finotop, Proscar, Fincar, Finpecia, Finax, Finast, Finara, Finalo, Prosteride, Gefina, Appecia, Finasterid.

Generic name of Generic Propecia is Finasteride.

Brand names of Generic Propecia are Proscar, Propecia.


Generic Propecia is available in tablets which should be taken orally.

It would be better to take Generic Propecia every day at the same time.

Generic Propecia should be taken one time a day, with or without food.

If you use Generic Propecia to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):

For adults 5 mg a day.

If you use Generic Propecia to treat hair loss:

For adults 1 mg a day.

Keep Generic Propecia away from children.


If you overdose Generic Propecia and you don't feel good you should visit your doctor or health care provider immediately.


Store at room temperature between 15 and 30 degrees C (59 and 86 degrees F) away from moisture, light and heat. Keep container tightly closed. Throw away any unused medicine after the expiration date. Keep out of the reach of children in a container that small children cannot open.

Side effects

The most common side effects associated with Propecia are:

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Side effect occurrence does not only depend on medication you are taking, but also on your overall health and other factors.


Do not take Generic Propecia if you are allergic to Generic Propecia components.

Do not take Generic Propecia if you're pregnant or you plan to have a baby, or you are a nursing mother. Generic Propecia can harm your baby.

Women can't take Generic Propecia. It is only for men.

Be careful with Generic Propecia if you suffer from blockage of urine flow or liver disease.

Keep Generic Propecia away from children and don't give it to other people for using.

Do not stop taking Generic Propecia suddenly.

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Chemoprevention of prostate cancer is an attractive idea that appeals to many struggling with the treatment of this disease. Many details inherent in any preventive strategy must be considered before embarking on this course, no matter how seductive it may appear. Critical issues of effectiveness, cost, difficulties in implementation, side effects, duration of the preventive cycle, and public acceptance may thwart prevention of prostate cancer from being implemented in the near future.

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While defining the no effect level for the 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride in the Hershberger assay, we encountered an inverted-U low-dose trophic effect on the prostate gland of the rat. Two attempts to confirm this observation were unsuccessful, and we concluded that the positive effect initially observed was associated with normal biologic variability. During the same period we attempted, unsuccessfully, to repeat our own observation of weak uterotrophic activity in the rat for the sunscreen 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)camphor (4MBC). Further evaluation led us to conclude that 4MBC is uterotrophic only when the control uterine weights are at the low end of their normally encountered range. This led us to reevaluate our earlier mouse uterotrophic assay data for bisphenol A (BPA). Originally we had concluded that BPA gave irreproducible evidence of weak uterotrophic activity, but upon ordering the eight experiments we had conducted, according to decreasing control uterine weight, we confirmed reproducible weak uterotrophic activity for BPA when the control uteri were at the low end of their normal range. In this article, we describe these observations, together with a reanalysis of the data associated with several reported instances of weak or low-dose endocrine effects that have proven difficult to confirm in independent laboratories. These include the activity of BPA on the CF1 mouse prostate; the activities of BPA, octylphenol, and nonylphenol on the rat testis; and the effect of polycarbonate caging on control mouse uterine weight. In all of these cases, variability among controls provides a major obstacle to data interpretation and confirmation. Our recommendations on experimental design are also presented, with a view to ending the current impasse on the reality, or otherwise, of low-dose or weak endocrine toxicities.

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Upon re-presentation, investigations included measurement of serum PSA levels, pelvic CT, transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy, histological examination of the biopsy specimen and immunohistochemical staining.

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Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome continues to pose a treatment challenge for urologists. Most commonly prescribed medications, such as antibiotics, a-blockers, androgen inhibitors, and anti-inflammatory agents, have been shown to help some patients. However, the efficacy and durability of such treatments lack consistency among men suffering from this disorder. The rationale for such treatments is described in this article, along with possible explanations for the apparent shortcomings. Also included is a brief summary of alternative therapies, which are growing in popularity among patients and gaining acceptance in our medical communities.

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(1) A hypospadias SD rats model can be established by Finasteride and it is easily reproducible. (2) The Atrazine was teratogenic to the SD rats, embryotoxic effects were observed at the low dose level and associated with no severe maternal toxicity.

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Retrospective pharmacovigilance disproportionality analysis.

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Global evaluation of hair loss in male subjects affected by androgenetic alopecia has been proposed as a means for monitoring changes over time, including placebo-controlled drug efficacy studies. Because of the potential impact of subjectivity (e.g. placebo effect) of clinical investigators, global photographs (GPs) have been introduced as a more objective record. Examination of paired before and after pictures and rating on a seven-point scale (from greatly decreased -3 to greatly increased +3) have been historically introduced by United States of America (US) experts.

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Previous work has clearly demonstrated that inhibition of 5 alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) formation in vivo is not as effective as total androgen ablation (castration) in causing involution of the prostate. It is likely that this is due to the fact that testosterone is partially effective in maintaining androgen action. To provide insight into this observation, the androgenic metabolites of testosterone, androstenedione, and 5 alpha-DHT, were measured in prostate tissue and in blood of 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor (finasteride)-treated adult male rats. Finasteride treatment caused a significant decrease in prostatic DHT levels and a profound increase in prostatic testosterone and androstenedione levels. Similarly, circulating DHT levels were decreased in finasteride-treated rats (0.02 ng/ml compared with 0.05 ng/ml seen in control rats); and circulating androstenedione and testosterone levels were significantly elevated in finasteride-treated animals compared with controls. The in vitro effects of finasteride were assessed on the metabolism of [3H]testosterone in a tissue-slice assays. In the prostate, the inhibition of 5 alpha-reductase activity resulted not only in the decreased formation of 5 alpha-reduced metabolites (primarily DHT and 5 alpha-androstanedione), but also an increase in the 17-oxo metabolite androstenedione. In contrast, the tissues derived from the embryonic wolffian duct (seminal vesicle and epididymis) formed relatively low amounts of 17-keto steroids. Because DHT is a high affinity ligand for the androgen receptor and androstenedione shows very little, if any, affinity for the receptor, these studies suggest that 5 alpha-reduction of testosterone may be a mechanism to amplify androgen action in urogenital tissues such as the prostate by preventing catabolism of testosterone to the inactive androgen, androstenedione, at the site of hormone action.

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We performed a retrospective study of 587 men enrolled in an AS programme, who had no history of 5-ARI use. Chi-squared and t-tests were used to compare characteristics of 5-ARI users and non-users. Univariable and multivariable proportional hazards models, treating 5-ARI use as a time-dependent covariate, were used to evaluate the influence of 5-ARIs on the risk of a subsequent biopsy no longer meeting criteria for continued AS (i.e. reclassification).

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Randomized studies of Serenoa repens, alone or in combination with other plant extracts, have provided the strongest evidence for efficacy and tolerability in treatment of BPH in comparison with other phytotherapies. Serenoa repens appears to be a useful option for improving lower urinary tract symptoms and flow measures. Hypoxis rooperi and Secale cereale also appear to improve BPH symptoms although the evidence is less strong for these products. Pygeum africanum has been studied extensively but inadequate reporting of outcomes limits the ability to conclusively recommend it. There is no convincing evidence supporting the use of Urtica dioica or Curcubita pepo alone for treatment of BPH. Overall, phytotherapies are less costly, well tolerated and adverse events are generally mild and infrequent. Future randomized controlled trials using standardized preparations of phytotherapeutic agents with longer study durations are needed to determine their long-term effectiveness in the treatment of BPH.

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Incidences of prostate cancer in most countries are increasing owing to better detection methods; however, prevention with the use of finasteride, a very effective steroid 5α-reductase type II inhibitor, has been met with mixed success. A wide interindividual variation in response exists and is thought to be due to heritable factors. This article summarizes the literature that attempts to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of finasteride in terms of its metabolism, excretion and interaction with endogenous steroid molecules. We describe previously reported genetic variations of steroid-metabolizing genes and their potential association with finasteride efficacy. Based on the literature, we outline directions of research that may contribute to understanding the interindividual variation in finasteride prevention and to the future development of personalized medicine.

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Finasteride, a 5-alpha-reductase inhibitor, dramatically suppresses the production of dihydrotestosterone in men; thus, attention has turned to this agent for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). A number of randomized clinical trials have studied finasteride's effects on prostate size, BPH symptoms, flow rate, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level. Although the decrease in symptoms with finasteride therapy has been modest compared with more invasive treatments, its use has resulted in sustained reductions in prostatic volume and PSA level with minimal adverse effects. Fewer surgeries for BPH, as well as a decreased incidence of acute urinary retention, have also been seen with finasteride therapy. More research is needed to maximize the effectiveness of such medical therapy for BPH.

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The Prostate Cancer Prevention Trial is the first phase III (randomized, placebo-controlled, prospective) population-based study to determine whether the risk of prostate cancer can be reduced. Between 1994 and 1997, 18,882 men were randomized to either finasteride or placebo at 219 sites in the United States. The study design included annual digital rectal examination and PSA determinations with PSA performed centrally with reports provided to sites corrected for treatment arm (as finasteride lowers PSA level). Because of a number of potential biases that could confound disease ascertainment all patients were scheduled for an end-of-study prostate biopsy. End-of-study prostate biopsies began in 2000, and the final biopsy is expected in 2004, with results of the study anticipated shortly thereafter. The high participant interest and extensive data collected for this study demonstrate the extraordinary opportunity for chemoprevention trials of prostate cancer in the United States

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Androgen deprivation therapy has become well-established in the treatment of prostate cancer. Luteinizing-hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonists, anti-androgens, orchiectomy, and combination hormonal therapy are treatment options offered to select patients. The prospect of intervention prior to the development of adenocarcinoma is appealing, and high-grade prostate intra-epithelial neoplasia (PIN), the only known precursor, is the best possible target. There is a decrease in the incidence of high-grade PIN in patients treated with combination androgen deprivation therapy (LHRH agonist and anti-androgen). Changes include increased apoptosis, decreased mitotic activity, less conspicuous nucleoli, and basal-layer prominence. Treatment with the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride results in a significant decrease in the incidence of high-grade PIN. The effect of 5alpha-reductase inhibitors and selective estrogen receptor modulators on histopathologic evaluation remains unclear, as the number of cases evaluated is small, but new data will be forthcoming with completion of multiple clinical trials.

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A 43-year-old man presented suffering from decreasing vision in both eyes for 3 months. The patient's visual acuity was 6/20 (non-corrected) in the right eye and 6/10 (-1.75/-1.00 x 91) in the left. Ocular examination of both eyes revealed anterior subcapsular opacities of both lenses with the right eye being more severe than the left. He had been taking finasteride (Propecia; Merck, Sharp and Dohme) at 1 mg/day for 3 years to treat early stage of androgenic alopecia. It was highly suspected that finasteride was associated with the anterior subcapsular opacity on the lens, and the patient therefore discontinued use of finasteride. He underwent uneventful cataract extraction surgery and intraocular lens implantation of the right eye. One month after cataract surgery in the right eye, the best-corrected visual acuity was right 6/6 (-1.25) and left 6/10 (-2.00/-0.50 x 100). To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first reported case of Propecia-associated cataract.

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We assessed the frequency and cost of care for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) among approximately 165,000 subscribers to Fallon Community Health Plan (FCHP), a group model health maintenance organization located in central Massachusetts. We computed rates of episodes of medical services for BPH using automated utilization files, and we estimated costs using Medicare reimbursement schedules and medication average wholesale prices. We identified 3919 men who visited a physician for BPH from January 1, 1991, until December 31, 1994, during which time they contributed 8336 person-years to the analysis. This population comprises approximately 12% of men at least 40 years old at FCHP. From 1991 to 1994, 696 (18%) men received terazosin, 219 (6%) men underwent a prostatectomy, and 41 (1%) men received finasteride. Men averaged 1.66 office visits per year to a physician for BPH. Most office visits (61%) were to a primary care physician, with 39% of the visits to a urologist. Among patients who received terazosin, the frequency of office visits increased slightly after receiving terazosin, from 2.14 to 2.62 visits per year. Among surgery patients, the frequency of visits declined after prostatectomy, from 6.31 visits per year to 1.67 visits. The individual annual cost rate for BPH care ranged from $25.00 to $25,352.00, with an average of $364.00 per person and a median cost of $126.00. The major components of the overall costs were hospital admissions (35%), terazosin dispensings (29%), and physician office visits (19%), with outpatient hospital care and ambulatory procedures accounting for the remaining 17%. Among men receiving terazosin, the average cost was $1190.00 per person-year, and among patients undergoing prostatectomy, the cost was $2630.00 per person-year. The prostatectomy rate declined by nearly 80% during the study period, while the dispensing rate for terazosin doubled, resulting in an overall decline in the total cost of care for BPH from 1991 to 1994.

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Testosterone (T) treatment suppresses serum gonadotropins and reduces sperm output sufficiently for contraceptive efficacy in approximately 70% of Caucasian men. In the remaining 30% of men, an increase in 5alpha-reductase activity may maintain testicular androgen activity, thus accounting for the failure of sperm suppression. The form of T therapy is a major consideration in the safety and acceptability of T-based contraception. As compared to T ester injections, T implants provide a more physiological serum T profile and fewer side effects, but have not yet been used in contraceptive efficacy studies. We have used T implants (800-1200 mg every 3 months) in 29 normal men for 3-16 months. T implants produced long-term suppression of sperm densities below 1 million/mL in approximately 70% of men without significant androgenic side effects. No pregnancies occurred in 214 months of exposure. In 16 men failing to suppress within 3 months of T 800 mg, no evidence of enhanced spermatogenic suppression was seen with the co-administration of the type 2 5alpha-reductase inhibitor, finasteride, for 3 months when compared to placebo. We conclude that: 1) T implants provide adequate spermatogenic suppression in approximately 70% of Caucasian men, a rate comparable to intramuscular T injections but with minimal side effects; and, 2) the inclusion of a type 2 5alpha-reductase inhibitor does not enhance spermatogenic suppression.

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Nude mice bearing androgen-sensitive LNCaP xenograft were castrated and followed up for 7-10 days before being randomized into various androgen manipulations, consisting of continuous castration (C) or testosterone replacement (T) in the absence or presence of dutasteride (D), a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor that blocks the conversion of testosterone to DHT. Testes-intact animals in the absence or presence of D were used as controls. The expression of five androgen-responsive genes, including the tumor suppressor U19/Eaf2, was determined using real-time RT-PCR, 3 days after randomization.

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Clinical treatment of patients with hidradenitis suppurativa. Measurement/participants: Five publications described the use for hidradenitis suppurativa. Four global case reports cited 13 individual patients, four male and nine female. Females included three adolescent patients and a child aged seven with precocious puberty. In the United States, finasteride in obese male adults was mentioned to be helpful.

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Finasteride is a well-tolerated and effective alternative to watchful waiting in the treatment of moderate BPH.

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Double-blind randomized study.

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Pretreatment of 3alpha, 5alpha-THP (0.5-2.5 mug/rat, i.c.v.) or neurosteroidogenic agents such as 3alpha, 5alpha-THP precursor progesterone (5 or 10 mg/kg, i.p.), 11-beta hydroxylase inhibitor metyrapone (50 or 100 mg/kg, i.p.) or the GABA(A) receptor agonist muscimol (25 ng/rat, i.c.v.) significantly potentiated the anti-anxiety effect of ethanol (1 g/kg, i.p.). On the other hand, the GABAergic antagonistic neurosteroid dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate (DHEAS) (1 mg/kg, i.p.), the GABA(A) receptor blocker bicuculline (1 mg/kg, i.p.), the 5alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride (50 x 2 mg/kg, s.c.) or the mitochondrial diazepam binding inhibitory receptor antagonist PK11195 (1 mg/kg, i.p.) reduced ethanol-induced preference of time spent and number of entries into open arms. Anti-anxiety effect of ethanol was abolished in adrenalectomized (ADX) rats as compared to sham-operated control. This ADX-induced blockade was restored by prior systemic injection of progesterone, signifying the contribution of peripheral steroidogenesis in ethanol anxiolysis. Socially isolated animals known to exhibit decreased brain 3alpha, 5alpha-THP and GABA(A) receptor functions displayed reduced sensitivity to the effects of ethanol and 3alpha, 5alpha-THP in EPM test.

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We found a sharp increase in the excretion of 6β-hydroxycortisol over cortisol (P < 0.001), indicative of a strong induction of the major drug-metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 3A4. The contribution of 6β-hydroxycortisol to total glucocorticoid metabolites increased from 2% (median, interquartile range 1-4%) to 56% (39-71%) during mitotane treatment. Furthermore, we documented strong inhibition of systemic 5α-reductase activity, indicated by a significant decrease in 5α-reduced steroids, including 5α-tetrahydrocortisol, 5α-tetrahydrocorticosterone, and androsterone (all P < 0.001). The degree of inhibition was similar to that in patients with inactivating 5α-reductase type 2 mutations (n = 23) and patients receiving finasteride (n = 5), but cluster analysis of steroid data revealed a pattern of inhibition distinct from these two groups. Longitudinal data showed rapid onset and long-lasting duration of the observed effects.

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Two pH optima of 5 alpha-reductase activity in dog prostatic homogenates are described, comparable to the pH optima of rat and human 5 alpha-reductase isozymes. Kinetic analysis of 5 alpha-reductase enzymatic activity at pH 7.0 revealed isozymes with a low apparent affinity constant (Km = 2.67 nM) and a high apparent affinity constant (Km = 1.23 microM). These apparent affinity constants compare favorably to the human and rat isozymes types II and I, respectively. The human type II inhibitor finasteride selectively inhibited the low Km isozyme, whereas the human type I inhibitor MK386 preferentially inhibited the high Km isozyme. The human type I inhibitor LY306089 was nonspecific for the dog isozymes.

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The management of androgenetic alopecia (AGA) has been materially altered by the availability of the 5 alpha-reductase type 2 inhibitor, finasteride. Nevertheless, this agent is only one component of successful management, and an understanding of the role of camouflage agents, surgical options, and other medical treatments is important. Because no treatment completely reverses baldness, it is important to communicate the limitations of each modality to the patient so that he has appropriate expectations of the outcome of any intervention. Patient counseling and support are also often relevant.

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The Hershberger bioassay is designed to identify suspected androgens and antiandrogens based on changes in the weights of five androgen-responsive tissues (ventral prostate, paired seminal vesicles and coagulating glands, the levator ani and bulbocavernosus muscles, the glans penis, and paired Cowper's or bulbourethral glands). Protocol sensitivity and reproducibility were tested using two androgen agonists (17alpha-methyl testosterone and 17beta-trenbolone), four antagonists [procymi-done, vinclozolin, linuron, and 1,1-dichoro-2,2-bis-(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene (p,p'-DDE)], and a 5alpha-reductase inhibitor (finasteride). Sixteen laboratories from seven countries participated in phase 2.

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In the androgen deprivation medium, autophagic punta increased markedly in PWR-1E cells, and blockage of autophagy by 3-methyladenine significantly promoted PWR-1E cells' apoptosis rate. In vivo, the expression of LC3 protein (an important autophagic marker) in hyperplasia prostate tissue significantly increased after 5-α reductase inhibitor treatment. Meanwhile, the prostate-specific antigen, as an inner control, decreased.

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Data were collected on availability and cost of medications and physician Internet visits, requirements for physician prescriptions, and geographic location of Web-based companies and consulting physicians. Costs of comparable physician visits were obtained from Medicare and managed care organizations in the Philadelphia region. Costs of medications came from five Philadelphia community pharmacies.

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A total of 3,047 patients with LUTS were randomized to placebo, 4 to 8 mg doxazosin, 5 mg finasteride or the combination of doxazosin and finasteride. Average treatment duration was 4.5 years The primary outcome was time to overall clinical progression of BPH, defined as a confirmed 4 point or greater increase in AUA SS, acute urinary retention, incontinence, renal insufficiency buy propecia online or recurrent urinary tract infection. Secondary outcomes were the need for invasive therapy for BPH, and changes in AUA SS and the maximum urinary flow rate with time. TPV was measured by transrectal ultrasound at baseline and study end.

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The effectiveness of buy propecia online finasteride and dutasteride in women with androgenetic alopecia has been the subject of debate.

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We evaluated the effectiveness of single or combination drug therapy on nocturia buy propecia online in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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To determine the efficacy and safety of buy propecia online dutasteride, alone or in combination, versus a placebo or control, used for the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.

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The most critical methods issue concerns the definitive end point of phase III buy propecia online trials, which is now cancer incidence. This end point usually needs thousands of subjects monitored for 5 to 10 or more years to determine efficacy. Biologic markers of potential intermediate end points are under intensive study and may one day replace cancer incidence. Validated intermediate end point biomarkers could greatly reduce phase III trial populations, durations, and costs.

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Previous studies by our group showed that Qianliening capsules (QC), a clinically proven effective traditional Chinese formulation that has long been used in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), is capable of inhibiting BPH in vivo and in vitro via the promotion of apoptosis, suppression of the EGFR/STAT3 signaling pathway and regulating the expression of sex buy propecia online hormones as well as their receptors. However, the mechanism of its anti-BPH activity has remained to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the anti-proliferative effect of QC in vivo and in vitro. Castrated male Sprage-Dawley (SD) rats where subcutaneously injected with testosterone propionate and the WPMY-1 cell line was stimulated with basic fibroblast growth factor in order to generate BPH in vivo and in vitro separately, both of which were then subjected to QC treatment. Finasteride was used as a positive control drug for the in vivo study. In the present study, it was found that treatment with QC or finasteride significantly reduced the prostatic index (PI=prostate wet weight/body weight x 100) in a rat model of BPH (P<0.05). In addition, reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and western blot analyses showed that QC or finasteride treatment significantly inhibited model construction-induced upregulation of expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen, cyclin D1 and cyclin-dependent kinase 4 in prostatic tissues of rats with BPH (P<0.05). The in vitro study further proved that QC exhibited anti-proliferative properties via G1/S cell cycle arrest in the WPMY-1 cell line, as evidenced by colony formation, flow cytometric cell cycle, immunoblot and RT-PCR analyses. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that inhibition of cell proliferation via G1/S cell cycle arrest may be one of the underlying mechanisms of the effect of QC on BPH.

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A total of 64 consecutive men 24 to 58 years old (mean age 43.2) with a diagnosis of CP/CPPS were equally randomized to the 2 treatment arms. All 64 men had previously received antibiotics (duration buy propecia online of 3 to 93 weeks), 52 (82%) had been on alpha-blockade. There were 61, 57 and 56 patients evaluable at 3, 6 and 12 months, respectively. At 1 year mean total National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Symptom Index score decreased from 23.9 to 18.1 in the finasteride group (p <0.003), and from 24.7 to 24.6 in the saw palmetto arm (p = 0.41). In the finasteride arm the quality of life and pain domains were significantly improved at 1 year; however, urination was not. Adverse events included headache (3 cases) in the saw palmetto group and decreased libido (2 cases) in the finasteride group. At the end of the trial 13 of 32 (41%) and 21 of 32 (66%) opted to continue saw palmetto and finasteride, respectively.

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Diverse studies indicate that the alteration of the physiological levels of neurosteroids in early neonatal phases provokes alterations in the maturation of certain cerebral structures. Allopregnanolone (ALLO) has important modulatory effects in the hippocampus during the postnatal period where the adult pattern of inhibitory transmission is being established. In order to study whether endogenous neonatal ALLO levels would be a determinant parameter involved in mediating adult hippocampal GABAA system maturation, we investigated the effects of neonatal finasteride (50mg/kg, SC) treatment and ALLO (ALLO; 20mg/kg, SC) supplementation on an animal behavioural model with relevance to neurodevelopmental disorder, such as schizophrenia. Two sets of experiments were conducted. Neonatal treatment (from postnatal day (pnd) 5 to pnd9) was performed in 23 male Wistar rats and steroid quantification was performed in hippocampal homogenates at pnd9. A second group (n=127) underwent neonatal treatment (pnd5-pnd9) and were submitted to hippocampal surgery at 80d. The behavioural response to bilateral intrahippocampal neurosteroid administration (ALLO, 0.2μg/0.5μl per side or pregnenolone sulphate 5ng/0.5μl per side) on novelty-induced exploration activity and prepulse inhibition (PPI) was assessed at 95d. Results showed that neonatal ALLO and finasteride administration decreased novelty directed exploratory behaviour and impaired the prepulse inhibition of the acoustic startle response at 95 days of age. Moreover, intrahippocampal ALLO increased head-dipping behaviour buy propecia online independently of the neonatal treatment, while intrahippocampal ALLO decreased PPI only in finasteride and ALLO groups. The results obtained in the present study indicate the importance of neonatal neurosteroid levels in the development of hippocampal function and their relevance in a behavioural phenotype that some have likened to that present in schizophrenia.

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Electrophysiological recordings were used to investigate the role of the local synthesis of 17β-estradiol (E2) and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on synaptic long-term effects induced in the hippocampal CA1 region of male rat slices. Long-term depression (LTD) and long-term potentiation (LTP), induced by different stimulation patterns, were examined under the block of the DHT synthesis by finasteride (FIN), and the E2 synthesis by letrozole (LET). We used low frequency stimulation (LFS) for LTD, high frequency stimulation (HFS) for LTP, and intermediate patterns differing in duration or frequency. We found that FIN reverted the LFS-LTD into LTP and enhanced LTP induced by intermediate and HFSs. These effects were abolished by exogenous DHT at concentration higher buy propecia online than the basal one, suggesting a stimulus dependent increase in DHT availability. No effect on the synaptic responses was observed giving DHT alone. Moreover, we found that the inhibition of E2 synthesis influenced the HFS-LTP by reducing its amplitude, and the exogenous E2 either enhanced HFS-LTP or reverted the LFS-LTD into LTP. The equivalence of the E2 concentration for rescuing the full HFS-LTP under LET and reverting the LFS-LTD into LTP suggests an enhancement of the endogenous E2 availability that is specifically driven by the HFS. No effect of FIN or LET was observed on the responses to stimuli that did not induce either LTD or LTP. This study provides evidence that the E2 and DHT availability combined with specific stimulation patterns is determinant for the sign and amplitude of the long-term effects.

propecia dosage 2015-08-11

Lycopene has buy propecia online been promoted for prostate cancer prevention, despite the inconsistency of scientific evidence.

propecia cost usa 2015-10-21

Finasteride, a 4-aza steroid compound, is an orally active inhibitor of the 5 alpha-reductase enzyme. 5 alpha-Reductase is necessary for the metabolism of testosterone (T) to dihydrotestosterone (DHT) and is found in high levels only in certain tissues such as the prostate. Finasteride has been shown to markedly suppress serum DHT levels in man without lowering testosterone levels. In patients with benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), finasteride was found to decrease prostate volume by a mean of 28% over a period of 6 months, without causing clinically significant adverse effects. DHT appears to be the primary androgen for prostatic growth. Selective inhibition of 5 alpha-reductase by finasteride may provide a novel approach to BPH therapy by reducing prostate size buy propecia online without affecting T-dependent processes such as fertility, muscle strength, and libido. The clinical development of finasteride for the treatment of benign prostate hyperplasia is reviewed.

propecia reviews 2015-01-26

We evaluated the buy propecia online efficacy of finasteride for the treatment of gross hematuria secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia in a prospective fashion.

propecia versus generic 2015-06-27

Androgen concentrations in the prostate were quantified after administration of chlormadinone acetate (CMA), finasteride, or flutamide. The prostatic blood supplies were measured after administration of CMA, finasteride, flutamide, or bicalutamide. The alpha-blockers, terazosin and tamsulosin, were included in the study as negative controls. The histologic changes in the capillaries of the buy propecia online ventral prostate were observed, and the luminal area was measured.

propecia online uk 2017-07-14

To quantitatively evaluate the changes in the secretory cells in nodular hyperplasia of the prostate after treatment buy propecia online with finasteride.

propecia generic pricing 2016-07-26

We collected data on the incidence of prostate cancer among PCPT participants for an additional year after our first report was published in 2003 and searched the Social Security Death Zoloft Dose Pmdd Index to assess survival status through October 31, 2011.

propecia 5mg tablets 2016-06-11

Hidradenitis Periactin Recommended Dosage suppurativa (HS) is a distressing condition for which no satisfactory treatment is available. Studies on hormonal mechanisms responsible for HS point towards altered end-organ sensitivity, probably related to the enzyme 5a reductase that converts testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. Finasteride, an inhibitor of type II 5a reductase, has been reported to be effective in recalcitrant HS.

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We used a single-group study design and classification tree analysis (CTA) to model PED (lasting ≥90 days after stopping 5α-RI). Covariates included subject attributes, diseases, Hyzaar Generic Name and drug exposures associated with sexual dysfunction.

propecia generic reviews 2016-04-28

A total of 182 patients were enrolled in a double-blind randomized multicenter study with the drug finasteride. After Augmentin Y Alcohol 6 months, all patients were treated with active drug for up to 6 years. Ninety-nine of the patients (54.5%) were still in the trial at its closure.

propecia generic cost 2016-04-25

Both Permixon and finasteride decreased the IPSS (-37% and -39%, respectively), improved quality of life (by 38 and 41%), and increased peak urinary flow rate (+25% and +30%, P = 0.035), with no statistical difference in the percent of responders with a 3 ml/sec improvement. Finasteride markedly decreased prostate volume (-18%) and serum PSA levels (-41%); Permixon improved symptoms with little effect on volume (-6%) and no change in PSA levels. Permixon fared better than Lipitor Cutting Tablets finasteride in a sexual function questionnaire and gave rise to less complaints of decreased libido and impotence.

propecia 1mg tablet 2016-01-09

To assess safety reporting for clinical Propecia Gel trial reports of finasteride for AGA.

propecia 84 tablets 2017-08-12

Hair loss or hair thinning is a common complaint in clinical dermatology, and patients seeking advice for hair loss are not necessarily bald. Because the effects of treatment attempts are hard to measure, there is need for a sensitive tool to monitor hair loss and treatment responses. Such a method must be able to analyze the biologic parameters of hair growth, which are: (i) hair density (n per cm2); (ii) hair diameter (microm); (iii) hair growth Cefixime Tablets rate (mm per day); and (iv) anagen/telogen ratio. Herein we present the TrichoScan as a method that combines epiluminescence microscopy with automatic digital image analysis for the measurement of human, and potentially animal hair, in situ. The TrichoScan is able to analyze all four parameters of hair growth with a so-called intraclass correlation of approximately 91% within the same TrichoScan operator and an intraclass correlation of approximately 97% for different TrichoScan operators. The application of the technique is demonstrated by comparing the hair parameters in individuals without apparent hair loss, men with untreated androgenetic alopecia, and men after treatment with finasteride (1 mg per day). We were able to detect a significant increase in hair counts and cumulative hair thickness 3 and 6 mo after treatment. Advantages of the TrichoScan are that it can be used for clinical studies to compare placebo versus treatment, to compare different capacities of hair growth promoting substances, to study androgenetic alopecia and other forms of diffuse hair loss, and to study the effects of drugs and laser treatment on hypertrichosis and hirsutism.

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The study was conducted in a randomized way and randomization Celexa User Reviews was carried out according to hospitalization. Before and after the treatment, all of the patients underwent hematochemical tests, hormone assays and assessment of hirsutism with the Ferriman Gallway score (F.G. score) and with measurement of the hair diameter in four different body areas. Finasteride was administered per os to 40 women at the dose of 5 mg/die; flutamide per os to 40 women at the dose of 250 mg twice daily. Both drugs were employed for 6 consecutive months.

propecia mg 2016-08-08

Dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is the primary metabolite of testosterone in the prostate and skin. Testosterone is converted to DHT by 5alpha-reductase, which exists in two isoenzyme forms (types 1 and 2). DHT is associated with development of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and reduction in its level with 5alpha-reductase inhibitors improves the symptoms associated with BPH and reduces the risk of acute urinary retention and prostate surgery. A selective inhibitor of the type 2 isoenzyme (finasteride) has been shown to decrease serum DHT by about 70%. We hypothesized that inhibition of both isoenzymes with the dual inhibitor dutasteride would more effectively suppress serum DHT levels than selective inhibition of only the type 2 isoenzyme. A total of 399 patients with BPH were randomized to receive once-daily dosing for 24 wk of dutasteride (0.01, 0.05, 0.5, 2.5, or 5.0 mg), 5 mg finasteride, or placebo. The mean percent decrease in DHT was 98.4 +/- 1.2% with 5.0 mg dutasteride and 94.7 +/- 3.3% with 0.5 mg dutasteride, significantly lower (P < 0.001) and with less variability than the 70.8 +/- 18.3% suppression observed Luvox Normal Dosage with 5 mg finasteride. Mean testosterone levels increased but remained in the normal range for all treatment groups. Dutasteride appeared to be well tolerated with an adverse event profile similar to placebo.

propecia and alcohol 2017-04-26

Human prostate was used as a source of 5 alpha reductase. Compounds were incubated with an enzyme preparation and [3H]testosterone. [3H]-dihydrotestosterone production was measured to calculate 5 alpha reductase activity. IC50 values (ng/ml) were finasteride = 1; Permixon = 5,600; Talso = 7,000; Strogen Forte = 31,000; Prostagutt = 40,000; and Tadenan = 63,000. Bazoton and Harzol had no activity at concentrations up to 500,000 ng/ml. In castrate rats stimulated with testosterone (T) or dihydrotestosterone (DHT), finasteride, but not Permixon or Bazoton, inhibited T stimulated prostate growth, while none of the three compounds inhibited DHT stimulated growth. These results demonstrate that finasteride inhibits 5 alpha reductase, while Permixon and Bazoton have neither anti-androgen nor 5 alpha reductase inhibitory activity. In addition, in a 7 day human clinical trial, finasteride, but not Permixon or placebo, decreased serum DHT in men, further confirming the lack of 5 alpha reductase inhibition by Permixon. Finasteride and the plant extracts listed above do not inhibit the binding of DHT to the rat prostatic androgen receptor (concentrations to 100 micrograms/ml). Based on these results, it is unlikely that these plant extracts would shrink the prostate by inhibiting androgen action or 5 alpha reductase.

cheap propecia usa 2016-10-07

In an attempt to maximize the quality of life of advanced prostate cancer patients on prolonged total androgen ablation and to minimize side effects, we have devised a strategy of 'sequential androgen blockade'. Animal studies have demonstrated that the combination of the 5 alpha-reductase inhibitor finasteride and the antiandrogen flutamide was as effective as a luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone analog and flutamide in inhibiting the growth of the prostate. In a pilot trial, 10 potent patients with clinical stage C and D1 prostate cancer were given the combination of finasteride (5 mg b.i.d.) and flutamide (125-250 mg t.i.d.). Eight of ten men remained potent. At 3 months the mean prostate-specific antigen level of all patients was 3.8 ng/ml (34 ng/ml prior to therapy). In all patients serum testosterone increased and those with the highest increase demonstrated gynecomastia. The combination was easily tolerable and side effects were few. This treatment regime appears to offer the benefits of total androgen blockade, is less expensive and has fewer side effects. Further trials are warranted.