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We have previously reported that serum interleukin-18 (IL-18) concentration predicted the clinical outcome of patients with aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (CHOP). When rituximab (R) was added to this regimen, the prognosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) was markedly improved.
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The absolute monocyte and lymphocyte counts prognostic index (the AMLPI) may add prognostic value beyond that of the IPI for patients with DLBCL who receive R-CHOP.
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We retrospectively evaluated survival differences among risk groups based on the International Prognostic Index (IPI), the age-adjusted IPI (aaIPI), the revised IPI (R-IPI), and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network IPI (NCCN-IPI) at diagnosis in 63 CD20-positive DLBCL patients treated with R-CHOP followed by upfront auto-SCT.
We sought to determine whether treatment with steroids, immunosuppressives (ISs), and anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents is associated with an increased risk of adverse events in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).
Pneumonitis is a well-known complication following aspiration of ingested liquid hydrocarbons. There are few data about acute pulmonary toxicity from unintentional hydrocarbon inhalation; most human cases involve products containing a fluoropolymer in combination with hydrocarbons.
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Visfatin is an insulin-mimetic adipokine. In non-rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients circulating levels of visfatin are correlated with the amount of visceral fat. Recent studies have disclosed an implication of visfatin in inflammation. Chronic systemic inflammation is of major importance in the development of atherosclerosis in RA. In the present study we investigated whether inflammation, obesity or metabolic syndrome are potential determinants of circulating visfatin concentrations in a group of RA patients on periodical treatment with the TNF-alpha blocker infliximab due to severe disease. We also assessed whether the infusion of infliximab may alter circulating visfatin concentrations in patients with severe RA.
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MOPP (mechlorethamine, vincristine, procarbazine, prednisone) or MOPP-type regimens were given to 12% of patients prior to ASCT. The median follow-up of the survivors was 73 (12-242) months. The 7-year overall survival and progression-free survival were 75% and 64%, respectively. Second malignancies occurred in 7 of the 170 patients, including 5 haematological malignancies, and 2 solid tumors. They developed at a median of 8 years (range 0.4-13.5) from ASCT. The 10-year and 15-year cumulative incidence of developing a second malignancy were 7% and 13%, respectively. In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 40 years at transplant (HR = 8.8; p = 0.008) and pre-transplant MOPP-type chemotherapy (HR = 5.6; p = 0.030) were the only factors significant for developing a second malignancy.
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Twenty-nine patients with neuromyelitis optica occurring before the age of 18 years and fulfilling the diagnostic criteria were identified. The average age at disease onset was 13 years and the patients had had an average disease duration of 6 years. The expanded disability scale score at the latest consultation was, on average, 4.7, and one patient had died from the disease. The 29 patients had had an average 4.5 relapses during the disease, accounting for 0.75 relapses per year, irrespective of the medication used. All patients were using one or more of the following medications: azathioprine, prednisone, immunoglobulin, and glatiramer acetate.
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ISF patients operated during 2000-2007 in a prospectively collected CD surgery database were included. Disease extent, diagnostic studies, medications, and smoking status were retrospectively reviewed.
Antitumor necrosis factor antibodies are widely used in the treatment of autoimmune diseases. We describe the occurrence of autoimmune hepatitis in a patient treated with adalimumab, a fully human IgG antibody against tumor necrosis factor, for psoriatic arthritis. The patient made a full recovery after discontinuation of adalimumab and treatment with steroids. This is the first reported case of adalimumab-induced autoimmune hepatitis.
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We conducted this retrospective study to determine the prevalence of giant cell arteritis (GCA) in patients exhibiting nonatherosclerotic upper and/or lower extremity arterial involvement and to evaluate the clinical features and long-term outcome of those patients.From January 1997 to March 2008, 36 consecutive patients in the Department of Internal Medicine at the University of Rouen medical center received a diagnosis of symptomatic upper/lower extremity vasculitis related to GCA. In the 36 patients, upper/lower extremity vasculitis preceded the initial GCA diagnosis in 7 patients (19.4%), it was identified in association with GCA in 13 patients (36.1%), and it developed after the onset of GCA in the remaining 16 patients (44.4%). GCA clinical manifestations were severe resulting in ischemic complications of the extremities in 10 patients (27.8%). GCA-related large-vessel involvement was located in the upper extremity alone in 21 patients (58.3%), the lower extremity alone in 7 patients (19.4%), and both the upper and lower extremities in 8 patients (22.2%).Arterial involvement in GCA patients with upper extremity vasculitis was distributed in the subclavian (55.6%), axillary (47.2%), and brachial (22.2%) arteries. In patients with lower extremity vasculitis, involvement included the internal iliac artery (11.1%), common femoral artery (13.9%), superficial femoral artery (33.3%), deep femoral artery (5.6%), and popliteal and anterior tibial arteries (5.6%). Aortic localizations were common in GCA patients with upper/lower extremity vasculitis (68.9% of cases).All patients were given steroid therapy at a median daily dose of 1 mg/kg initially. Reconstructive study was performed in 10 patients (27.8%): venous bypass graft (n = 6), angioplasty (n = 1), thromboendarteriectomy (n = 2), or thrombectomy (n = 1); 2 other patients with extremity ischemia underwent amputation. The median observation time was 32 months; the outcome of upper/lower extremity vasculitis was disappearance of clinical symptoms (44.4%), improvement of clinical manifestations (44.4%), and deterioration of clinical manifestations (11.1%). At last follow-up, the median daily dose of prednisone was 6 mg. Steroid therapy could be discontinued in 12 patients (33.3%).We found that upper/lower extremity vasculitis is not uncommon in patients with GCA, and may be present in the early acute phase of GCA. Nevertheless, because upper/lower extremity vasculitis occurs during the course of GCA, yearly clinical vascular examinations may be adequate to screen for upper/lower extremity vasculitis at an early stage in GCA patients. Early diagnosis of GCA-related upper/lower extremity vasculitis is crucial, and can result in decreased severe ischemic complications. Because aortic localizations were common, GCA patients with upper/lower extremity vasculitis should undergo routine investigations for underlying life-threatening aortic complications (aortic ectasia/aneurysm). We also suggest that patients exhibiting aortic complications should undergo routine clinical vascular examination to detect upper/lower extremity vasculitis.
All ASD patients treated with TCZ in France between July 2006 and July 2009 after failure to all available therapies were included in this cohort study. The main outcome measures were the European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) improvement criteria and resolution of systemic symptoms at the 3- and 6-month followup periods.
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Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare, noninfectious, inflammatory dermatosis usually associated with autoimmune disorders. Wounds may mimic a necrotizing infection, and the diagnosis is usually made after antibiotic therapy fails. Debridement may cause even larger wounds because of pathergy, so PG treatment consists of corticosteroids and local wound care. Pyoderma gangrenosum can be a devastating complication of breast and aesthetic surgery. We describe a case of PG following unilateral breast reduction that resulted in systemic inflammatory response; after treatment with prednisone and topical tacrolimus, the PG was resolved. The application of topical tacrolimus may reduce the need for prolonged corticosteroids.
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Pregnancy outcomes of patients with vasculitis are unknown, but are of great concern to patients and physicians. Through an online survey, this study assessed pregnancy outcomes among patients with vasculitis.
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Only randomised controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Two standardised preparations of TwHF were investigated: ethanol-ethyl acetate extract and chloroform-methanol extract. All other TwHF preparations were excluded because of reported toxicities. Other traditional Chinese herbal medicines were also excluded. All included RCTs had a follow-up of at least three months.
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Intestinal inflammation is a component of the pathophysiology of protein-losing enteropathy after the Fontan operation. Oral controlled-release budesonide is 90% metabolized at first pass through the liver, has high enteric anti-inflammatory activity and relatively low systemic effects, and may be an ideal agent for use in treating this disease.
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Female, 60 FINAL DIAGNOSIS: Corneal ulceration Symptoms: Blurred vision Medication: Abatacept Clinical Procedure: - Specialty: Ophthalmology.
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Moderate dose escalation using BEACOPP(baseline) did not significantly improve outcome in early unfavorable HL. Four cycles of ABVD should be followed by 30 Gy of IFRT.
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In all, 33 women were followed up throughout pregnancy. Semiquantitative maternal anti-La levels were significantly higher in pregnancies complicated by fetal heart block of any degree (median difference, 227.5; P = .04), but there was no difference in maternal anti-Ro levels. In all, 94% of fetuses maintained normal conduction when the mother was treated with hydroxychloroquine or daily prednisone therapy throughout pregnancy, compared to 59% in the untreated group (odds ratio, 0.1; P = .04).
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This is the first documentation that Pioglitazone decreases the serum HCV RNA titers independently of PEG-Interferon-α2/ribavirin treatment. The novel findings of our Study provide the foundation for basic and clinical investigations on the molecular mechanisms responsible for the Pioglitazone-induced decrease in HCV genotype 4 RNA titers.
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The authors report a case of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) presenting as a paraspinal, epidural mass. This disease encompasses a host of autoimmune conditions that were previously thought to be separate entities. It is characterized by fibrosis, mediated by the aberrant proliferation and tissue invasion of IgG4-positive plasma cells, which can occur in any organ. As with other autoimmune conditions, it tends to be responsive to steroids and other immunosuppressants. It can rarely present as a tumefactive lesion of the central nervous system, creating the potential for misdiagnosis (given its similar radiological appearance to malignancy) and mistreatment. In 2015, a panel of experts convened to set forth guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of IgG4-RD. In the case presented here, the patient initially presented with pain and weakness in the left upper extremity. Initial neuroimages revealed a contrast-enhancing mass extending from C-4 to T-1, invading the epidural spinal canal, encasing the exiting nerve roots, infiltrating the paraspinal musculature, and surrounding the left vertebral artery. A PET scan confirmed the mass was hypermetabolic, but results of fine-needle aspiration and CT-guided biopsy were inconclusive. Open biopsy yielded fibrotic tissue that met the pathological criteria for IgG4-RD: lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate, fibrosis in a storiform pattern, and obliterative phlebitis. The patient was treated with 2 doses of 4 mg of dexamethasone (Decadron) and then 50 mg of prednisone per day. Within 2 weeks, the mass was radiologically shown to have drastically decreased in size. The prednisone dose was decreased to 40 mg per day, and 100 mg of azathioprine per day was added. The patient continued to improve and the mass continued to decrease over the next 6 months. Currently, she has been weaned from all steroids and will be maintained on a daily dose of 100 mg of azathioprine.
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The present study describes the isolation of Fusarium sporotrichioides from a canine cutaneous ulceration. A 2-year-old male Beagle dog weighing 8.6 kg, with a history of immune-mediated hemolytic anemia (IMHA), had been treated with prednisone for 9 months. Physical examination revealed cutaneous ulceration on the left foreleg. Histopathological examination of skin samples from the ulcerative area revealed many branching hyphae surrounding neutrophils. Since itraconazole (ITZ) is recommended for miscellaneous fungal infections, the dog was treated with ITZ. However, the ulcerative lesions did not improve and after 3 weeks of treatment the dog died due to renal failure. No autopsy was performed. Since the isolate recovered from the biopsy specimen was identified as Fusarium species by morphological characteristics, the animal was diagnosed as having had an infection caused by this mould. The dog's prior prednisone treatment may have played a role in establishing the fungal infection. Comparative sequence analyses of the ITS regions of the clinical isolate with those in GenBank showed that it was 100% identical to F. sporotrichioides and less than 96% similar to ITS of other Fusarium species. Based on these findings, F. sporotrichioides was established as the etiologic agent of the canine infection, a situation that has not been previously reported in dogs, as well as humans.